Sunday, March 15, 2020

The selected readings are both from the era of the colonization of australia The WritePass Journal

The selected readings are both from the era of the colonization of australia Introduction The selected readings are both from the era of the colonization of australia IntroductionREFERENCES:Related Introduction The selected readings are both from the era of the colonization of Australia, from the arrival of the First Fleet in 1788 through the early settlement at the beginning of the 1800s. The two pieces of literature involve the interactions between the British colonists with the Indigenous communities of New South Wales Australia. Unfortunately, this is where the similarity ends between the two works, for while Bradley’s account addresses the earlier interactions when the colonists needed to ingratiate themselves with the natives, in Elder’s work the interaction turned deadly. Elder’s work â€Å"Blood on the Wattle† refers to the bloody Massacre at Myall Creek, near Inverell, in 1838.   This was a pivotal point in Australian history, as the unprovoked massacre of 28 Aboriginal women and children ultimately led to the first white criminal conviction for murdering an Aboriginal. Although Charlie Kilmeister along with ten other men was initially exonerated of any wrongdoing by the white jury, the retrial of seven of the settlers resulted in them being convicted and hanged. Unfortunately this epiphany in Australia history saw â€Å"thou shall not kill an Aboriginal† interpreted as â€Å"getting rid of the black menace or by death by stealth† (Elder, p. 94). Bradley presents a firsthand account of the arrival in Botany Bay of the First Fleet’s Flagship â€Å"Sirius† and its later docking a little further north at Farm Cove.   Bradley (p. 58) describes how they â€Å"without much difficulty met some of the natives on the Northern Side of the Bay† and the encounter appeared positive: â€Å"by Noon we saw that our people and the indigenous community mixed together† (Bradley, p. 58). Writing 160 years after the events described in â€Å"Blood on the Wattle,† Elder takes an empathetic view of the Aboriginal people.   He expresses an understanding of the suffering involved, as he addresses the intricate and macabre details of how the Aboriginals of Myall Creek were bludgeoned.   Elder writes as if he was an eyewitness when the Myall massacre occurred: â€Å"Yintayintin followed and was confronted with a gruesome sight of 28 bodies lying in a lake of blood,† and as if he was within earshot to hear Kilmeister boast that he had â€Å"settled the blacks† (Elder, pp. 87-89). Thus in effect Elder presents himself as a historian who is sympathetic towards the plight of the Aboriginals, and as a modern author realizes the gross injustices of the past done to them at the hands of the white settlers. Bradley’s account of the First Fleet’s encounter with the Aboriginals was positive, recording that â€Å"men, women and children were very friendly,† â€Å"quite sociable,† and even that they enjoyed one of the newcomers combing their hair for them (Bradley pp. 61-67).   Bradley describes in first-person narrative the expedition he made with Hunter, focusing on the many details he observed, such as the Aboriginals having â€Å"paddles about two feet long and shaped like a pudding stirrer† and some of the men having â€Å"the teeth of some Animal and pieces of bone stuck in their hair with gum† (Bradley pp. 67-72). Bradley reports many such details of the people he encountered, and refers to the native flora and fauna in a matter-of-fact fashion. This reporting style is probably due to his being a legal representative in the initial approaches to the Aboriginals.   The hostilities were to occur at a later date, when the settlers moved inla nd and lay claim to Aboriginal lands, as described by Elder. Bradley approaches historiography from an objective point of view. He reports what he sees and does not elaborate or embellish upon facts. Physical appearances and gestures of the natives are presented without any auxiliary interpretations: â€Å"The men we met here were in general stout and well limbed the women excepting the very old woman, were young and in general shorter than the Men, very straight limbed and well featured†¦Ã¢â‚¬  (Bradley, p. 72) and â€Å"They received some trifling presents from [the Governor] which they handed to each other without much concern† (Bradley, p. 58). Elder, perhaps because of his subject, allows emotion and personal views to enter his writing at times. When the murderers of the Aboriginal people are brought to Sydney, Elder reports: â€Å"It immediately exposed the hypocrisy which underpinned the fragile assumptions of the system. The theorists could protest that under British law both blacks and whites were equal. The reality was that, with a disturbing unanimity, the citizens of New South Wales agreed that no white man, not even an assigned convict, should be tried for the murder of a black† (Elder, p. 92). Thus, the points of view of the authors and their historiography differ because of the vastly different eras in which they wrote their accounts. REFERENCES: Elder, B 1998, Blood on the wattle: massacres and maltreatment of Australian Aborigines since 1788, New Holland, Frenchs Forest, NSW. Bradley, W ed., Voyage to New South Wales, Trustees of the Public Library of New South Wales, NSW.

Friday, February 28, 2020

Dismission Case Study Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Dismission - Case Study Example It would be proper to ask then what the managing director feels would be "appropriate" in terms of a Director of Health and Safety's commercial awareness. The act of making a decision is a process that is intangible. Being granted the post of Director, Di was legally mandated to make decisions in relation to Health and Safety. The way her mind came up with those decisions are not privy to anyone unless she makes it otherwise. All that can be assumed is that she was making those decisions in performance of the task she was hired to do. It would therefore be safe to assume that unless Di explicitly knew what "appropriate" commercial awareness meant to the company, she was then performing her task as Director of Health & Safety in what she supposed as the appropriate way. * the employer must send a letter to the employee setting out the nature of the conduct, capability or the other circumstances, which have led the employer to contemplate dismissing them or taking disciplinary action. The employer must also include information on the basis of the complaint. * in instances where the employee appeals, the employer must arrange a further meeting held by a more senior manager, where possible. Following the meeting the employer must inform the employee of the final decision." (Duncan 2005) In connection with the m... The employee must be offered the right to appeal. * in instances where the employee appeals, the employer must arrange a further meeting held by a more senior manager, where possible. Following the meeting the employer must inform the employee of the final decision." (Duncan 2005) In connection with the management of grievances and disciplinary issues, the Employment Act 2002 made essential and radical changes to amend relevant sections of the Employment Rights Act 1996. Breach of statutory disciplinary procedures means dismissals that do not follow these procedures will automatically be "unfair". It also provides for an increase of between 10 and 50% in employment tribunal compensation. "The minimum levels of notice which an employer must normally give to an employee are laid down in the Employment Rights Act 1996 and depend on the length of time continuously employed, as follows: * Less than 4 weeks continuous employment - 24 hours' notice * 4 weeks to 2 years continuous employment - 1 week's notice * 2 years to 12 years continuous employment - 1 week's notice for each complete year of continuous employment * more than 12 years continuous employment - 12 week's notice" (Employment Dismissal) Since there is mention of only Di's first week at work and none of when she was sacked, I am assuming the dismissal is less than the minimum required for the employer to give notice. There are exceptions to the 1-year rule and an example of one exception is the relation of Di's job to Health and Safety. From the provisions of the law, Di is justified in claiming that she was entitled to a warning or a notice before dismissal. Although

Wednesday, February 12, 2020

Career resear paper Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 words

Career resear paper - Essay Example Financial condition: The most important characteristic of a company to make it desirable for employees is that it should be financially stable in the long run.. Thus, we need to look at financial health of a company before joining one. Non-financial indicators of company health: Not just the financial health, the non-financial indicators of a company also signify in which direction the company is going. These should be looked at before deciding upon the organization as a prospective employer. Work culture: A positive and healthy work culture is very much desirable in a prospective employer company. By this I mean an organizational culture where only the targets are not the rewarding factor. People involvement: The company should have long term retention policies for the employees and should have a mixture of both cash and non-cash incentives to motivate them. There should be both ways communication between the employers and employees. Training and development: The organization should be able to provide exposure to world class working standards. A globally expanded company can give its employees maximum opportunities to learn from diverse cultures and processes. Equal opportunity provider. The company should provide opportunities to all individuals irrespective of race, color or gender. There should be impartial performance evaluation criteria for rewards and recognition as well promotions. I would like to work for a company which not only helps me meet my financial goals, but also my personal goals. In financial terms the compensation should be at par with the industrial standards. Apart from financial benefits, the employer should also take care of other necessities of their employees like insurance, medical reimbursements etc. My personal goals will be achieved only if I can get the right kind of exposure and be able to learn from my experiences. Apart from this, I would like to be equipped with skills for taking up higher responsibilities through

Friday, January 31, 2020

Addictive behaviors and personality disorders Research Paper

Addictive behaviors and personality disorders - Research Paper Example Similarly, the person’s environment on his or her childhood largely affects the formation of his or her personality. What the child sees in the environment and how this environment treats him or her determine the child’s personality. Childhood experience is considered as the foundation of one’s personality. The gravity of the effect of childhood experience on the child’s personality is not immediately perceptible. It is generally in the adulthood that the totality of the person’s personality manifests. Positive childhood experiences may give a person good behaviour and attitude. On the other hand, negative childhood experiences may create a personality disorder on the person. Between the two, the latter receives more attention from the public because it does not conform to the norm of the society. It is of utmost concern to the experts how a bad childhood experience creates a personality disorder. A very common example of this is the tendency of a person to exhibit an addictive personality and is often associated with childhood experience. Many studies have shown that indeed childhood experiences may create addictive personality. Addiction is defined as the dependency of a person on object, such as drugs and alcohol, or on action like gambling and having sex (Juzwiak 4). Moreover, a person who is prone to be easily addicted is said to have an addictive personality. Understanding addictive personality is a complex task that requires a much deeper analysis on the person’s social behaviour and intellectual well-being. It is believed that one way to understand addictive personality is to study its cause. That is to study the history of the person with addictive personality. Many experts believe that an addictive personality is largely caused by the person’s childhood experience. For instance, the results of the recent study performed by the University of Cambridge shows that people with drug dependence have more troubled childhoods

Thursday, January 23, 2020

Politics in Animal Farm Essay -- Animal Farm

Politics in Animal Farm  Ã‚   In George Orwell’s Animal Farm we get a glimpse of a strange switch in totalitarian rule.   From Mr. Jones a cruel farmer who feeds his animals to little and works them to hard, to Napolean a pig that will have you killed for a bottle of liquor.   Through stupidity, narrow mindedness and pure cowardice of some animals we view the inevitable as the farm animals become ruled by pigs.   Old Major probably not the first animal to think of as an animal to ruin a utopia for the farm, is in most cases not a favored example to contribute to the pigs takeover.   This pig finally near the end of his better than average life chose to create a rebellion against the then in power Mr. Jones.   A truly justifiable act executed in a time to late, for Major died to soon to lead the farm.   If Old Major had summed up an ounce of courage in his closer to piglet years further and earlier then his dying days the animals might have had a chance of a better life.   Old Major can be see n as him being a late coward having what is thought on the farm to be a good life trying to end it a false legend or maybe Old Major was a slow hero wanting to leave a better life for his friends.   Still though we should agree that for Old Major’s failing action or neglect was the time he chose to start a rebellion, in the few days before he died. At one point in the story Napolean takes pups from a dog mother, this would seem strange to most parents a person wanting to raise your children in private without any visitation on the parent’s part, but yet this goes uncontested by the dogs who just seem to think nothing of it.   If the dogs had given Napolean contest to him taking the pups, maybe ... ...their greedy eyes they saw no reason to save the other farm animals.   The book gives as little evidence of any pig showing protest to Napoleon’s actions except of course Snowball and the other three executed pigs. Old Major chose a poor time to launch a rebellion.   The dogs showed little care for the outcome of their pups’ upbringing.   The hens’ independence could be seen as a bad action to the taking over of the farm.   If the sheep were genetically smarter the story’s course could have been changed.   Boxer’s tolerance of the pigs could have been a factor leading to his death.   Benjamin’s negligence could have been the downfall of the farm.   Lastly the remaining pigs selfishness is a contribution leading to the worse then average life of the farm animals.   All these animals were responsible for the pigs’ dictatorship.    Politics in Animal Farm Essay -- Animal Farm Politics in Animal Farm  Ã‚   In George Orwell’s Animal Farm we get a glimpse of a strange switch in totalitarian rule.   From Mr. Jones a cruel farmer who feeds his animals to little and works them to hard, to Napolean a pig that will have you killed for a bottle of liquor.   Through stupidity, narrow mindedness and pure cowardice of some animals we view the inevitable as the farm animals become ruled by pigs.   Old Major probably not the first animal to think of as an animal to ruin a utopia for the farm, is in most cases not a favored example to contribute to the pigs takeover.   This pig finally near the end of his better than average life chose to create a rebellion against the then in power Mr. Jones.   A truly justifiable act executed in a time to late, for Major died to soon to lead the farm.   If Old Major had summed up an ounce of courage in his closer to piglet years further and earlier then his dying days the animals might have had a chance of a better life.   Old Major can be see n as him being a late coward having what is thought on the farm to be a good life trying to end it a false legend or maybe Old Major was a slow hero wanting to leave a better life for his friends.   Still though we should agree that for Old Major’s failing action or neglect was the time he chose to start a rebellion, in the few days before he died. At one point in the story Napolean takes pups from a dog mother, this would seem strange to most parents a person wanting to raise your children in private without any visitation on the parent’s part, but yet this goes uncontested by the dogs who just seem to think nothing of it.   If the dogs had given Napolean contest to him taking the pups, maybe ... ...their greedy eyes they saw no reason to save the other farm animals.   The book gives as little evidence of any pig showing protest to Napoleon’s actions except of course Snowball and the other three executed pigs. Old Major chose a poor time to launch a rebellion.   The dogs showed little care for the outcome of their pups’ upbringing.   The hens’ independence could be seen as a bad action to the taking over of the farm.   If the sheep were genetically smarter the story’s course could have been changed.   Boxer’s tolerance of the pigs could have been a factor leading to his death.   Benjamin’s negligence could have been the downfall of the farm.   Lastly the remaining pigs selfishness is a contribution leading to the worse then average life of the farm animals.   All these animals were responsible for the pigs’ dictatorship.   

Wednesday, January 15, 2020

Las Dos Fridas (The Two Fridas) – Frida Kahlo Painting

Magdalena Carmen Frida Kahlo Calderon, or Frida Kahlo, was a painter born in Mexico in 1907 and died in 1954. Her father was German and her mother was Mexican Indian. From her childhood, she was diagnosed with polio, a disease that infects the spine, and the disease left her right leg distorted. At 18, returning from her art school, the bus she was riding in hit a tram and an iron bar pierced her abdomen/pelvis area. Her legs and vertebrae suffered serious damage. The accident was a turning point in her life. In her hospital bed, she installed a mirror above her bed. She painted many works, most of which were self-portraits.In 1928, Frida met Diego Rivera, whom she married a year later. She could not have children with him because of the accident. Frida was a huge part of the surrealism movement, and a good example of this would be her painting, â€Å"Las Dos Fridas† (â€Å"The Two Fridas†). This work was painted in 1939, shortly after her divorce from Diego Rivera. The painting depicts two different personalities, or versions of her, sitting on a bench. The Frida on the left is clad in a Victorian era wedding dress (this depicts the Frida that Diego left), and the one on the right wears a Tehuana, which is the part of Frida that Diego loved and respected.The hearts of the two Fridas are exposed. The one on the left’s heart is broken, and the one on the right’s heart is whole. The fact that she is holding her own hand could suggest that she wants us to see that she is her only companion. The composition of the foreground makes the two women the centre of attention, and the gloomy sky in the background could reflect inner turmoil. Despite the deeper meaning of the portrait, both Fridas look equally as confident and officious.Movement in this portrait is very little, the only thing we can see that is actively moving is the cut artery from her heart which is squirting blood. This is the first thing that caught my attention. I think, pai red with the scissors in her hand, this could imply self-destruction but giving the circumstances one would be right to assume heartbreak. The actual make-up of the painting is very pristine, with her use of oil on canvas. The brush strokes are delicate, precise and give a realistic effect. There’s a lot of depth in the painting, like in the folds of her dresses and the use of shadow.Frida has shown light and dark tones clearly by making herself the lightest and most vibrant subject in the area, which in contrast, is very dark and almost sinister. Despite the contrast, there’s still a sort of darkness all throughout the painting. The portrait gives an overall negative vibe; it makes me feel sympathetic towards her. The use of line is very subtle and is immaculately blended. The most colourful thing in the foreground is the happy Frida on the right, who wears blue, orange, and gold tones. There doesn’t seem to be an obvious colour scheme.Frida in the white dress is very neutral; it complies of subtle tones of olive and lilac, and overall the wedding dress is a blend of harmonious colours. The painting is, in my opinion, half cold tones and half warm tones. The representation of herself in the painting is realistic but her style of painting gives it an almost cartoon effect. I really adore this painting. I like it because it’s obviously something which holds much deeper meaning. It’s symbolic of heartbreak, despair and deceitfulness but, ultimately, is a representation of empowerment and sticking by your side when no one else will.

Tuesday, January 7, 2020

Renewable Energy Sources - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 3 Words: 992 Downloads: 8 Grade: Mark default Date added: 2017/11/10 Category Ecology Essay Level High school Tags: Renewable Energy Essay Did you like this example? The 20th century was without doubt the age of fossil fuels—oil, in particular. Fossils had been excavated almost throughout the entire history of humanity, but it is the 20th century which brought the scales of the excavation to the limit. Gasoline for vehicles, aircraft, and vessels, fuel for space flights and war machines, heating systems—all this and much more works on fossil fuel, even in 2017. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Renewable Energy Sources" essay for you Create order However, since the first studies proving that the utilization of fossil fuels makes a huge part of the global warming process, there have been talks about not only regulating its usage, but also about seeking for alternatives to oil, gas, and other sources of energy popular nowadays. Such alternatives are usually called with a generalized term â€Å"renewable sources of energy,† meaning that unlike fossil fuels (which are gradually depleting, and are expected to become exhausted completely by the end of the current century) these new sources will constantly replenish themselves. So, what exactly are renewable sources of energy? There are two terms in regard to the subject which are regularly used nowadays: alternative energy, and renewable energy. The former is a more generalized term, used to describe any energy source that is different from traditional fossil fuels, and which cause little-to-no negative impact on the environment. In its turn, the term â€Å"renewable energy† refers to energy generated with the help of the forces of nature: sun, water, wind, biomass, the inner heat of the Earth (geothermal energy), and so on (PennState Extension). Renewable energy is based not on depletable material, but rather on natural processes that cannot readily disappear if made use of. For example, solar energy is something everyone around the globe has access to; the Sun shines for billion of years with almost the same stability, and it is unlikely that generating energy from its heat and light can do any harm to the star itself. The same goes for windmills, watermills, and so on: instead of working on matt er, alternative sources of energy make use of how the wind blows, or how the water flows, and thus cause much less harm to the environment, and do not exhaust natural resources. Currently, there are several sources from which scientists have learned to accumulate energy: solar energy, hydropower, wind energy, geothermal energy, and bioenergy. Solar energy is created by the light and temperature produced by the Sun. Respectively, there are two types of solar energy: photovoltaic and thermal. The former implies producing electricity from sunlight, using photovoltaic elements, or cells. These cells are combined in large groups, known as solar panels, and put on rooftops, or other surfaces which are constantly being exposed to sunlight. Another way of capturing sunlight in order to produce energy involves using heliostats—huge mirrors which reflect and concentrate sunlight, converting it into thermal energy. Heat energy can be later converted into electricity as well (due to steam generation, which then drives steam machines), or can be used in industries that currently utilize gas and other fossils in order to produce heat. The energy outcome from every solar power station is huge, but there are other alternative sources of energy as well. For example, hydropower: free-falling water drives special turbines, which rotate and generate electricity; wind energy is gained in an approximately similar way, except that electric turbines are driven by wind, not water. A more advanced source is ocean energy: by exploiting temperature differences between ocean surfaces and depths, it is possible to produce a vast amount of energy. Tides and waves can serve as secure energy sources as well. Geothermal energy is gained by utilizing the heat of the Earth’s core; finally, bioenergy is gained from processing organic matter: agricultural and forestry products, biological waste, compost, garbage, and other similar substances can be converted into thermal and electric energy (Australian Renewable Energy Agency). Renewable energy is effective in many ways: economically, ecologically, politically, and so on. It is no surprise that many countries around the world have started attempting to substitute or diversify their energy with the help of alternative energy sources. For example, their share in the overall energy consumption in the United States in 2016 already was around 10%. 15% of the electricity generated was from alternative sources of energy. Industries in the United States actively use biofuels and other non-hydroelectric energy sources: their consumption has doubled since 2000 to 2016, and according to estimates of the United States Energy Information Administration, the amount of projects relying on alternative energy sources will only continue to grow (EIA). Other nations actively research and implement renewable energy as well. For example, Sweden is expected to become the first country in the world to completely give up on fossil fuels; the Swedish government has announced this g oal in 2015, causing huge investments into the country’s research and industries connected to renewable energy. Costa Rica was the first country to have reached 99% of its annual energy production solely due to alternative energy sources in 2015. Also in 2015, Denmark became the first country to produce 42% of its electricity with the help of solar turbines. The list of countries heavily developing alternative energy sources includes Morocco, Nicaragua, China, Germany, Scotland, and many others (CleanTechnica). Alternative energy sources have high chances to become the future of humankind’s energy solutions; fossil fuels were necessary at a certain stage of technological and scientific progress, but nowadays, it has become obvious that their extensive usage is not only expensive, but also dangerous for the environment and the health of billions of people around the world. Countries such as Sweden, the United States, Denmark, and several others actively research and implement renewable energy technologies, helping them to produce more electricity and thermal energy due to such sources as the Sun, rivers and waterfalls, ocean tides and waves, biomass, and the heat of the Earth itself. Renewable energy is cleaner, cheaper, and able to completely substitute fossil fuels. When this happens, the whole planet will become a better place to live.